December 15, 2011 · Print This Article
Entering the studio of Craft Mystery Cult, I was greeted by a plywood table festooned with ambiguous objects varying from crudely handcrafted clay bowls to scorched specimens seemingly pirated from the vault of a natural history museum. All three CMC members, Sonja Dahl, Jovencio de la Paz, and Stacy Jo Scott, were seated around this collection, which I soon discovered to be ephemera from their collaborative rites and rituals. Removed from the context of performance, the reliquary expressed an internal coherenceâ€” the vernacular of the objects linking hand, to material, to detritus, suggesting a connection between everyday practices of making and the more mystical aspects of ritualistic activity. The tableau was presided over by the sanctified portraits of William Morris and Johannes Ittenâ€”the patron saints of craft and color, whose workshop-based practices inform the social and conceptual underpinnings of CMCâ€™s activities.
The members of Michigan-based Craft Mystery Cult are all in their final year of their MFAs in fiber, (Dahl and de la Paz), and ceramics, (Scott), at Cranbrook Academy of Art. They established the CMC collective as a platform to explore issues relating to the history, economy, and conceptual framework of contemporary craft. On Saturday, CMC will orchestrate a performance at Roots and Culture that draws from their sacred text, The Hapticon. I interviewed Dahl, de la Paz, and Scott in their studio as they were making preparations for this event.
Sarah Margolis-Pineo: Itâ€™s my understanding that Craft Mystery Cult was officially formed over the summer in residence at Ox-Bow, but Iâ€™m wondering if you can elaborate on the CMC origin story. What strange and mysterious forces conspired to bring this collaboration together?
Jovencio de la Paz: I donâ€™t know that Iâ€™d say we formed at Ox-Bow, I think it was prior to that through discussion and writing.
Sonja Dahl: I’d say we began casually working on this project about a year ago now. It really evolved out of issues that originated within each of our individual studio practices.
Stacy Jo Scott: Through a number of conversations, we realized that we had similar concerns in terms of how we approach work. It seemed like we had this shared desire to create a conversation that we werenâ€™t getting otherwiseâ€”in other venues or in other forms. It was really from this desire to create a narrative to work fromâ€¦ By narrative, I donâ€™t mean the Craft Mystery Cult narrative, I mean more of a framework for understanding our art historical lineage.
SMP: All three of you come from disciplines focused on object making, and historically, discrete object making through ceramics and fiber. Do you feel like academia, as well as the larger cultural framework surrounding craft-based practices of making, are perpetuating discourses that in some ways are no longer relevant; for example, the Modernist tradition of autonomy, or the postmodern tradition of critique? In what sense were you breaking free?
SJS: I think for me and my experience with ceramics, itâ€™s almost coming from a different direction than what youâ€™re describing. As artists making work at this time, the conversation is so steeped in the dematerialization of the object. The desire to make and have hands-on material, and the desire to see objects manifest from work is something thatâ€™s disappearing from the larger conversation. Itâ€™s difficult to have a position to work from that seems relevant when everything is becoming more ephemeral. In a way, weâ€™re trying to consider what position objects and materiality still have; specifically, the handâ€™s relationship to material as a different source of knowledge that we arenâ€™t taught to access.
JdlP: Much of CMCâ€™s work deals with the creation of language; specifically, the kind of language that might be able to house what Stacy Jo is describing, which we refer to as haptic knowledgeâ€”the knowledge beyond language. In order to present that or to create a bridge between that and the viewer, we work to create an environment that utilizes strategies that may be familiar from other forms such as text, performance, ritual, music, things to serve as access points to that non-verbal space. Weâ€™re really using the notion of the craft workshop as a model for collaborative art practice, which is a reference that is very different compared to other collaborative art practices in that it deals with a very craft-specific mode of production. There are interpersonal hierarchies that are very different than other collaborative groups.
SMP: Going back to your practice that draws from text, music, and performance, Iâ€™m curious what you think can be gleaned from the interstice of ritual and craft? Did you approach the project with a preconceived relationship between mysticism and making, and how have your thoughts evolved throughout the past few months?
JdlP: I think a very simple way to describe it is that itâ€™s sort of like a logic puzzle. Weâ€™ve created a framework that has a very specific language related to the occult and mysticism through rites and rituals. Craft serves as a parallel structure that is based on skill. Take the Masons for example: as you progress in skill, you gain knowledge in a more profound, spiritual sense. So thereâ€™s this parallel, and we were always sort of guided by both. We were interested in the work of Johannes Itten, and his spiritualistic approach to making and teaching.
SJS: One of our earliest references was William Morris, who is complicated, but one thing that he championed was this idea of human dignityâ€”the worker and the maker have a sense of dignity that is lost in certain forms of industrial production. For me, mysticism related in part to humanism and highlighting individual agency rather than obeying the types of beliefs and laws that are passed down by mastery.
SMP: Can you describe some components to the larger Craft Mystery Cult project and articulate the relationship between ritual and performance to object?
SD: One of our performances at Ox-Bow: â€œIn Commemoration of the Death of the Prophet William Morrisâ€ really brought together many aspects of our collaborative work at the residency. It brought together the component of collectingâ€”we would visit each of the studios and collect material remnants of their processes, so we had the slag pile from the iron pour, fragments of glass and things like that. Those objects were collected throughout the course of the project, and we were also creating other objects both through the playful re-authoring of, for example, William Morris textile prints, as well as through various different ways of employing the symbology that we had created. We generated all these objects through various modes of making and collecting, and we funneled them all into this final ritual that involved a processional, the building of this pyre in the fire pit, creating a musical, auditory experience, which all happened at twilight. In the end, it really became this performed ritual for a number of individuals that brought together history and research, object making, collecting, the spiritual, bodies moving in space, musicâ€”all of these elements that we had been working on for the duration of the project. Thereâ€™s a real spirit of play that weâ€™re getting at with improvisation. Spontaneity can occur because of embedded knowledge and experience to some degree. We brought to this collective much of our own thinking and making, and because we come without own histories, the spontaneous and inventive moments can occur.
SMP: I find it interesting that this project evolved from reactionâ€” a simultaneous response to your individual practices within a larger academic framework. If Iâ€™m understanding this correctly, itâ€™s the interaction of the collectiveâ€”the coming together of individuals to create a new body and a new interstice from which you can cultivate an alternative framework for making and its related embodied processes.
SJS: Yeah, absolutely. And I think part of that is we have this desire to make together. I come in with a set of skills that Jovencio and Sonja donâ€™t have, so the way I use my skill in collaboration is in a way that they can also use, which means that the work itself is often quite basic like the pinch pots. Similarly, Sonja will lead in dying indigo since she has experience with that and Jovencio and I do not, and itâ€™s these simplified processes that guides the making of objects…
JdlP: …and thereby the aesthetic that they express.
SMP: Is it from the aesthetic that you make references to meaning in a symbolic sense?
JdlP: I think itâ€™s the implied process more than the aesthetic of the object. Pinch pots and one-dip indigo dye are very foundational.
SJS: That speaks to our interest in skill. Weâ€™re interested in that moment of skill that is extremely foundationalâ€”not skill in terms of mastery, but skill in terms of someones first encounter with the material. In that way too, the aesthetic that weâ€™re developing is based on the desire to speak about that primary moment of skill.
JdlP: So the aesthetic appears always untrained, or primitive, as problematic as these terms are. We are interested in this notion of prehistory, which really relates to the realm of craft in that a pinch pot made tens of thousands of years ago is strikingly similar to a pinch pot that a high school student in a public school might make. That high school student and prehistoric person are somehow linked through the object, the aesthetic of which comes from this moment of foundational, or primal creation.
SJS: A lot of work that one might consider deskilled comes from the idea that a lack of skill is a stand in for authenticity, and I donâ€™t quite buy that. I feel like what weâ€™re doing is somehow different from thatâ€”not that that moment of primary skill is more authentic than mastery, but itâ€™s about creating some kind of framework around that momentâ€”that moment has a depth of meaning that isnâ€™t about authenticity. Itâ€™s not that the primitive person is somehow more authentic than the teenager.
JdlP: But whatâ€™s important is that they share the same moment through making that object. That moment can be opened up, and what exists there isnâ€™t authenticity but some sort of experiential knowledge.
SMP: I often have the discussion across a range of art practices about the concept of the moment of discovery, and whether youâ€™re working in paint or performance, itâ€™s all about discovery on some level for the viewer, and I suppose for the maker as well. Does that concept relate to what youâ€™re speaking to?
JdlP: But itâ€™s a very particular kind of discovery because itâ€™s always available through rediscoveryâ€”itâ€™s never exhausted, and thatâ€™s where the idea of ritual is also important. That moment is always exciting for whatever reason, which is part of the mystery, and I think thatâ€™s speaks a lot to where the aesthetic of our objects comes from. Itâ€™s interesting because the show in Chicago has nothing to do with objectsâ€¦
SD: Before we get into Chicago, Iâ€™ve been wanting to mention that something I think about a lot in relationship to the CMC project is the spirit of approaching things with a sense of wonder. When we talk about using basic skill and that primary moment of discovery between body and material, thereâ€™s a sense of wonder there. You can appreciate that depth of knowledge of a makerâ€™s body to their materials and their process through a sense of wonder, and I feel that a lot of my experience at Ox-Bow visiting all the studios was a process of cultivating that sense of wonder. To stand in front of the glass studio or the iron pour, or to see them open the raku kilnâ€”thereâ€™s a sense of wonder and appreciation thatâ€™s very important.
JdlP: And I think itâ€™s very difficult not to feel a sense of optimism through craftâ€¦
SD: Dare we say it!
JdlP: â€¦because youâ€™re encountering a moment becomingâ€”a moment of creationâ€”it is a generative moment. Itâ€™s very integral to that sense of wonder that you are witnessing a generative process.
SJS: And itâ€™s already essentially performative. We can go see an iron pour, we can go see someone blowing glass, someone throwing a potâ€”thatâ€™s performance, and thatâ€™s ritual.