Much of the iconic British work of the 1990s is now in US collections
By Cristina Ruiz and Louisa Buck | Posted 26 September 2006
LONDON. Frank Gallipoli, a commodities trader based in New Canaan, Connecticut, has bought several major pieces from Charles Saatchiâ€™s 1997 â€œSensationâ€ exhibition. His purchases include Marcus Harveyâ€™s 1995 portrait of Myra Hindley, Gavin Turkâ€™s 1993 self portrait as Sid Vicious, Pop, and works by Chris Ofili, Jake and Dinos Chapman, Gary Hume, Jenny Saville and Simon Patterson. Mr Gallipoli is one of at least five US collectors who have bought art originally shown in â€œSensationâ€.
As the Royal Academy in London inaugurates â€œUSA Todayâ€, a new show of work by American artists drawn from the collection of Charles Saatchi, we reveal where many of the works originally exhibited in â€œSensationâ€ are today.
is the owner of Marcus Harveyâ€™s 1995 portrait
of serial killer Myra Hindley
The National Gallery of Art in Washington, DC, and MoMA in New York have acquired major pieces from the exhibition, by Rachel Whiteread and Yinka Shonibare respectively, while Tate in London has purchased only one relatively inexpensive work from the show, a video by Sam Taylor-Wood. Private collectors in England have bought a handful of â€œSensationâ€ works while other major pieces have gone to European collections.
When â€œSensationâ€ first opened at the Royal Academy in London in September 1997, it confirmed a new movement, the so-called â€œyoung British artistsâ€ (YBAs), and helped to launch the international careers of Damien Hirst, Tracey Emin, Gavin Turk, and Jake and Dinos Chapman, among many others. The work on show, visually aggressive and deliberately provocative, generated countless headlines and media debate. One visitor was so offended by Marcus Harveyâ€™s Myra, which is composed of the hand prints of children, that the painting had to be removed temporarily from display after it was pelted with eggs.
The exhibition moved to Berlin and then, with still more controversy, to the Brooklyn Museum of Art. This time it was Chris Ofiliâ€™s The Holy Virgin Mary, 1996, a canvas which incorporates elephant dung, which caused an uproar. Then Mayor Rudolph Giuliani branded the work â€œsickâ€ and â€œdisgustingâ€ and threatened to punish the Brooklyn Museum unless it cancelled the show. The case went to court and a federal judge ruled against the mayor and the City of New York stating that they had no right to inflict any retaliation against the museum as a result of the show, including withholding funds, evicting the museum from its building or interfering with the composition of the board of trustees.
The furore in New York persuaded the National Gallery of Australia in Canberra to cancel the exhibition; it had been scheduled to open there in June 2000.
Charles Saatchi consigned several works from â€œSensationâ€ to auction within two years of the exhibition. The signature pieces he kept went on show in his gallery at County Hall. Two years ago he removed the Britart from display to make way for a series of paintings exhibitions. He then sold most of the iconic works from â€œSensationâ€ including Damien Hirstâ€™s pickled shark. The sales must have generated tens of millions of pounds.
The disposal of these works coincided with the arrival of a major new Britart collector. Frank Gallipoli says that he has been buying Britart for the last three years. Speaking to The Art Newspaper, he said: â€œI like the sensibility of this group of artists. Their work is aggressive and visually interesting. A group of artists this strong only comes along once in a generation.â€
Mr Gallipoli says he almost exclusively buys work by the YBAs and now owns a large collection of art by Tracey Emin, Damien Hirst, Jake and Dinos Chapman, Sarah Lucas, Gary Hume and Marc Quinn. He says he bought some of his â€œSensationâ€ pieces directly from Charles Saatchi as well as from White Cube in London. He also buys art from Sadie Coles in London and Mary Boone in New York.
Mr Gallipoli, 42, says: â€œThese are all artists who are almost exactly my age. I travel to London often and I visit many of them in their studios. I have become good friends with several of them.â€
Steven Cohen, a billionaire hedge fund manager, also based in Connecticut, has bought three major works from â€œSensationâ€, while Adam Sender, a hedge fund manager, in New York, has bought a painting by Chris Ofili.